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Saturday, April 4, 2015

Land Acquisition Bill Contadini indiani contro il furto della terra

Farmers prepare food as they gather at Jantar Mantar to protest against the Land Bill, in New Delhi

La drastica riduzione dei sussidi all'agricoltura ha portato al suicidio di 7000 contadini in India: il governo è sul banco degli imputati per aver abbandonato il settore e aver ridotto il budget dedicato all'agricoltura in un momento difficile che ha visto anche un calo del prezzo dei prodotti agricoli. 

Secondo il coordinamento dei contadini indiani 'All India Coordination Committee of Farmers Movement', il governo di Narendra Modi e la coalizione 'National Democratic Alliance' sono saliti al potere grazie ai fondi ricevuto dalle lobby degli OGM.

L'industria OGM detiene i diritti delle sementi che vengono promosse nei programmi di sviluppo in atto in molti paesi. Secondo i dimostranti, il governo ha spinto verso il geneticamente modificato dopo aver ricevuto lauti finanziamenti per la campagna elettorale.

I manifestanti inoltre chiedono la revisione delle linee guida che li legano ai brevetti OGM. Queste includono una percentuale sulle vendite da corrispondere ai detentori del brevetto del seme.

Sulla questione dei suicidi era già intervenuta in ottobre Vandana Shiva, leader indiana del vasto movimento mondiale contro gli Organismi Geneticamente Modificati, che aveva dichiarato, in una intervista a Repubblica: 'Gli agenti della Monsanto che vendono sementi OGM, fertilizzanti e pesticidi, sono gli stessi che fanno il credito. Il contadino prima si indebita per le semenze di cotone, poi scopre di dover comprare più fertilizzanti e pesticidi e s'indebita ancora'.

'Prima che arrivasse la Monsanto le sementi locali di cotone costavano da 5 a 10 rupie il chilo. Il monopolio costruito dalla Monsanto ha fatto salire i prezzi a 3.555 rupie il chilo di cui 1.200 sono royalties. Laddove la Monsanto ha dovuto ridurre i prezzi, per esempio nell'Andra Pradesh, è successo grazie alle nostre pressioni sull'antitrust locale'. 

Bitter Seeds Suicide and GMO Effects on India's Farmers OCTOBER 28, 2012

Street protests are gaining momentum against the proposed Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement (Amendment) Bill, 2015.
A large farmers’ protest was organised in Delhi by the Bharatiya Kisan Union (BKU) along with the All India Coordination Committee of Farmers Movement (AICCFM).
AAP leader Yogendra Yadav joined Naresh and Rakesh Tikait of the BKU to demand 100 per cent of farmers’ consent before land is acquired.
“Successive governments have cheated farmers for years. Can the government buy or sell any other land without the approval of its owner? In the 2013 version of the Land Acquisition Act, a few allowances were made for farmers but now even these are being removed,” said Yadav.
He added that the BJP had been unable to get the green signal from the party’s own farmers’ union but were proceeding with the controversial ordinance in the name of development.
BKU president Naresh Tikait said farmers do not want to obstruct development but protests would continue unless the Centre meets them and accedes to their demands.
No discussions

“These amendments in the Land Acquisition Bill were introduced without any discussions with farmers. Our basic demand is that farmers’ assent is a must and fertile land should not be acquired for private or even public-private projects,” he said.
Yadav also asserted that urea shortages in the country this year had been artificially created and meant to take advantage of farmers.
“It was created only to decontrol the sector. It’s as if there’s no respect for farmers in the country any longer so the only way to retaliate is through demonstrations like these,” he said.
He was addressing a packed assembly that had farmers from all over the country, a sizeable number of whom had made the trip to the Capital from Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.
Political parties are simultaneously taking to streets in different States. In Bihar, Chief Minister Nitish Kumar sat on a day-long fast last Saturday to register his protest against the proposed Bill while his colleague, Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD) chief Lalu Prasad, led a march in Patna the very next day. DMK chief M Karunanidhi too has announced that his party will organise a protest in Tiruvarur, Tamil Nadu, later this week.
A Joint Forum against the Land Acquisition Bill 2015, which includes farmers’ wings of the communist parties and activist groups, has called for observing March 23, the martyrdom day of Bhagat Singh, Sukh Dev and Raj Guru, as Land Rights Day.
The All India Kisan Sabha (AIKS) of the CPI will organise district or block-level functions across the country.
“The AIKS has called upon the peasantry to prepare for an intensive and protracted struggle to defeat the nefarious design of the NDA government to steal the hard won right of the peasants on land,” said RC Yadav on behalf of the AIKS.

Farmers take to streets to protest Land Bill MARCH 18 2015

Land Acquisition in India refers to the process of land acquisition by the central or state government of India for various infrastructure and economic growth initiatives. Several controversies have arisen with claims that land owners have not been adequately compensated. The government passed Land Acquisition Amendment [2] Bill in Lok Sabha on 10 March 2015.[3][4][5]

Land acquisition in India From Wikipedia

This is land grab. Britishers used to do it. Today’s government is worst (sic) than the British regime. Even the British did not met out so much of injustice to farmers,” Hazare said, according to Indian daily The Hindu. 

Activist Says Indian Land Grab Bill Is 'Worse than the British' 24 February 2015

A farmer checks his wheat crop damaged in the rain in a village near Amritsar. (Sameer Sehgal/HT Photo)

More than three weeks after the heavy unseasonal downpour and hailstorm flattened vast swathes of standing crop in north and western India, the farming community is still counting its losses.
While centralised data to assess the real loss of life and livelihood is still trickling in, a largely unreported human tragedy is unfolding in the hinterlands since the first week of March.
A rising number of farmer suicides, shock deaths and distress sales of farm produce and even land to pay off debts, is being reported from some of the worst-hit states such as Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab and Madhya Pradesh. The bad news is that the Met department predicts another spell of unseasonal rains between March 29 and April 1-2.
Croplands in Tindwani village of Barabanki district, barely 30 km from UP capital Lucknow, resemble a rotting wasteland. Rabi crops like wheat, cereals, mustard, vegetables and flowers, all lie dead or decaying in the fields. “Aaj poore gaon mein matam hai (the whole village is in mourning),” said Baale, a farm labourer.
The trail of destruction that started mid-February in some parts and carried on till mid-March took the farmers by surprise. The sudden rise in temperature after the rain havoc sped up the decomposition of water-logged crops. “Now, whatever is left in the field is not even fit for cattle fodder,” laments Sovindra Singh, another farmer from Tindwani.
Unofficial reports say nearly 50 farmers have either committed suicide or died of shock in UP. A preliminary survey by the state agricultural department claims that in the 26 rain-hit districts, the wheat crop has been decimated by 21%, pulses by 22-23% and oilseeds by 20%. However, the overall statewide average loss is no more than 2%.
While the Centre and state governments have announced separate compensations of Rs 4,500 per hectare of non-irrigated land and Rs 9,000 per hectare of irrigated land, for a majority of the farmers, this amounts to zilch. The terms of compensation, from the government and insurance companies, entail that to qualify, a farmer’s total sown area must have been destroyed by more than 50%.
What the above statistics mean is that those with small land-holdings, which is the case in most of eastern UP, have nowhere to turn to. Jaint Ram of Barabanki’s Tindwani village is a case in point. His family was elated after getting Rs 40,000 as loan from a rural bank for farming.
A few days later, more good news came when the local kisan society agreed to give them 70 bags of fertiliser on credit (each bag costing Rs 1,200). But the freak rains have now pushed them to bankruptcy.
“We are left with nothing. We do not have a way out,” says Jaint Ram.
Geeta Devi from the same village echoes the inevitable that stares all of them: “Selling the land is the only option left. I do not have anything left to clear the debts.”
In distant Maharashtra, it’s a double whammy. A long-standing drought in 226 of the 355 talukas last year and the unseasonal rains this March have crippled the farmers. Standing crops like wheat, jowar, chickpea, as well as mango orchards, vineyards, and pomegranates, have all been badly hit. Farmer suicides have spiked in the cotton-belt of Vidarbha. At the country’s largest onion mandi in Nashik, the crop has crashed from a high of Rs 16 per kg to Rs 11 per kg. Prices of grapes, earlier selling at Rs 100 per kg, have dropped by 50% in the wholesale market. The state has put the total loss at more than Rs 1,000 crores.
The crop damage in Maharashtra spans the districts of Pune, Nashik, Amravati, Bhandara, Ratnagiri and Raigad.
The state government has declared a Rs 7,000 crore short-term relief package, with finance minister Sudhir Mungantiwar saying that the state’s share of Rs 4,000 crore has already been disbursed.
In Rajasthan 4,247 villages in 28 districts were affected by the unseasonal rains. In 3,102 of these, the damage to crops has been more than 50%. The affected crops include cumin, isabgol, wheat, gram, mustard, barley, garlic and coriander.
There were 34 rain-related deaths in Rajasthan, including two shock deaths and two suicides. Prabhulal, 45, of Amora village in Kota district is a shattered man. The ruined wheat crop in his nine bighas of land has upset all his calculations. “I had planned the wedding of my two daughters, Girija (19) and Pooja (18) this year. But now I don’t even have the money to feed my family,” says Prabhulal.
As the political wrangle over compensation and relief plays out in Parliament and state assemblies, for the farmers dependent on subsistence agriculture it’s a long way to normalcy. As Sriram of Barabanki’s Tindwani village puts it: “I don’t want my children to be farmers. I don’t want them to struggle every day to earn two square meals.”

Trail of destruction: Suicides and distress sales follow freak rain Mar 25, 2015

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